Carded cotton yarn is made of short cotton fiber. The carded yarn surface is uneven, more fluffy, fuzzy and less smooth than that of combed yarn. Products made of carded yarn have a matte appearance. They are highly absorbent, breathable and soft to the touch. Due to excellent thermal insulation, strength and reasonable price they are widely used both in textile and garment industry – for the production of towels, bedding, jersey outerwear, denim and socks. In terms of strength and smoothness, high quality carded yarn almost equals combed one. However, the durability of carded yarn is less than that of combed and more than that of open-end yarn.  The most popular types of carded yarn are 20/1 or 34/1.


Combed yarn is made of long fiber stock. The fiber is smoother and thinner, less fuzzy and porous than that of carded yarn. Such qualities as even and smooth texture, uniform thickness along the whole length, ensure great tenacity of this type of fibre. Combed yarn comes in various guises – raw, bleached, variously printed, mercerised and mélange. It has a certain soft gloss which is absent in carded fibre. Combed yarn fabrics are durable, breathable and resistant to piling. They are widely used in the production of jersey clothing but due to more complex production process and higher quality characteristics significantly raise the cost of ready-made production.


Open-end yarn is very strong, smooth and a little fluffy. It is wear resistant but coarser and less elastic than that produced by ring spinning method. Due to peculiarities of its structure, open-end yarn has a good absorbency. It is often used for the production of courser textile articles and garments – towels, bedding, jeans, sportswear, uniforms and occupational clothing, outerwear and socks.